Penggunaan Asap Cair dan Arang Aktif Tempurung Kelapa pada Mutu Karet Krep

Dina Martrias, Rachmad Edison, Dedi Supriyatdi

Abstract


Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) is one of  important agriculture comodity on Indonesia. Wide area of Indonesia rubber agriculture on 2013 are 3,5 million hectares. With 3,2 million tones production maked Indonesia at second level ocupasi because low quality of block rubber. This research objective are getting liquid smoke dosage and active carbon as latexs coagulant. Research used randomized  completely block design (RCBD) with 12 treatments and repeat 3 times. Liquid smoke dosage with 1:1 dilution and 2,60 pH are 6%, 8%, 10% and active carbon dosage 1% and 2% with formiat acid as a control. Latek coagulating process rubber production and rubber crepe quality testing suitable with SIR did in procesing factory and SIR quality testing laboratory Way Berulu PTPN VII, Pesawaran, Lampung. This research carried out November 2014 until  January 2015. The results of this research showed more high liquid smoke dosage and active carbon from coconut shell can effect time of lateks coagulation fasier in 4,8 minutes. More high dosage of liquid smoke and active carbon treatment effected decrease of PRI and increase of latex waste level, dust level and evaporate substance level. Liquid smoke with 1:1 dilition and active carbon from coconut shell as latex coagulant showed dust level higher, so the latex are not suitable with SIR. The higher value because tar composition of liquid smoke from coconut shell.

Keywords: active carbon coconut shell, liquid smoke, rubber crepe quality

Permalink: http://jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/AIP/article/view/14


References


BPTP Jambi. 2010. Teknologi Pembekuan Lateks dengan Daerub. Leaflet. Balai Penelitian Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Provinsi Jambi. 2 hlm.

Darmaji, P. 1996. Kadar benzopyren produk-produk asapan tradisional. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Makanan Tradisional. Hotel Jayakarta, Yogyakarta.

Harahap, H. 2008. Pengaruh pengisi CaCo3 dan temperatur vulkanisasi terhadap sifat-sifat mekanikal film lateks karet. Jurnal Penelitian Rekayasa 1(2): 43-46.

Pasaribu, O. S. 2008. Analisis Kadar Kotoran (Dirt Content) dan Kadar Abu (Ash Content) pada Karet Remah SIR 20 PT Bridgestone Sumatera Rubber Estate, Tbk. Dolok Menangir-Serbelawan. http://respository.usus.ac.id/bitstream/123456789/13936/1/09E00103.pdf. [Diakses 23 November 2013].

Solichin, M. dan A. Anwar. 2006. Daerub K Pembeku Lateks dan Pencegah Timbulnya Bau Busuk Karet. Tabloid Sinar Tani. Jakarta.

Tahir, I. 1992. Pengambilan asap cair secara destilasi kering pada proses pembuatan karbon aktif dari tempurung kelapa. http://word-to-pdf.abdio.com. [Diakses 17 September 2013].

Triwijoso, S.U. dan Oerip Siswantoro. 1989. Pedoman teknis pengawetan dan pembekuan lateks Hevea. Balai Penelitian Perkebunan Bogor. Bogor. http://jtpunmul.files.wordpress,com/2011/06/jtp-vol4-3.pdf. [Diunduh 17 April 2013].

Wahyudi, F. 2008. Pengaruh kombinasi bahan olah karet terhadap tingkat konsistensi Plastisitas Retention Index (PRI) Karet Remah SIR 20 di PT Bridgestone Sumatera Rubber Estate Dolok Menangir. http://repository.usu.ac.id/bitstream/123456789/…/09E00092.pdf. [Diunduh 10 Desember 2013].

Wulandari, Ratna, P. Darmajdi, dan U. Santoso. 1999. Sifat antioksidan asap cair hasil redestilasi selama penyimpanan. Prosiding Seminar. Nasional Pangan Yogyakarta. 14 September 1999.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/aip.v3i1.14

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan
Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta, No. 10, Rajabasa, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, 35144

E-mail: aip@polinela.ac.id
Website: jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/AIP atau aip.polinela.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons

All publications by Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License