Pengaruh Kombinasi Media Lapisan Tanah dan Takaran Cocopeat pada Pertumbuhan Bibit Kakao (Theobroma cacao L.)

Eko Saputra, Rijadi Subiantoro, Adryade Reshi Gusta

Abstract


Efforts to produce good quality cocoa seedling in quality and quantity, ie the use of planting media containing nutrients needed by plants. Topsoil and cocopeat combination are expected to increase the growth of cocoa seedling. The purpose of this study was to to obtain a good soil layer medium planting on the growth of cocoa seedling, to obtain optimum cocopeat on the growth of cocoa seedling, and to obtain the interaction of soil layer medium planting and cocopeat on the growth of cocoa seedlings. This research was conducted in Politeknik  Negeri Lampung’s Teaching Farm in January 2017 until June 2017. The experiment was conducted by factorial randomized block design with two factors and each treatment combination was repeated 3 times. The first factor consists of two levels and the second factor consists of four levels. The first factor, namely top soil and sub soil. The second factor is composting cocopeat on planting medium consisting of 0% cocopeat and 100% soil, 25% cocopeat and 75% soil, 50% cocopeat and 50% soil, 75% cocopeat and 25% soil. The results showed that the cocopeat 0%-75% gave the same effect on the high varieties of seedlings, stem diameter, number of leaves, total dry weight, and dry root weight. In general, top soil and sub soil medium planting did not affected on the growth of cocoa seedling and cocopeat did not affected on the growth of cocoa seedling. There was no interaction between media layer of soil and cocopeat in all observation variables. 


Keywords


cocopeat; cocoa seedling; sub soil; top soil

References


Gusta, A. R., Kusumastuti, A., & Parapasan, Y. (2017). Pemanfaatan Kompos Kiambang dan Sabut Kelapa Sawit sebagai Media Tanam Alternatif pada Prenursery Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 15(2).

Hakim, N., Nyakpa, M. Y., Lubis, A. M., Nugroho, S. G., Saul, M. R., Diha, M. A., ... & Bailey, H. H. (1986). Dasar-dasar ilmu tanah. Universitas Lampung. Lampung, 488.

Hanafiah, K. A. (2005). Dasar-dasar ilmu tanah. PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Irawan, A., & Hidayah, H. N. (2014). Kesesuaian penggunaan cocopeat sebagai media sapih pada politube dalam pembibitan cempaka (Magnolia elegans (Blume). H. Keng). Jurnal Wasian, 1(2), 73-76.

Jumin, H. B. (2002). Dasar-Dasar Agronomi. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Lakitan, B. (2000). Dasar-dasar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Marsono, P. L. (2002). Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Leiwakabessy, F. M. (1998). Ilmu Kesuburan Tanah dan Penuntun Praktikum. Departemen Ilmu Tanah. IPB. Bogor.

Pangaribuan, D., & Pujisiswanto, H. (2008, November). Pemanfaatan kompos jerami untuk meningkatkan produksi dan kualitas buah tomat. In Prosiding Seminar nasional Sains dan Teknologi II.

Siregar, T. H., Riyadi, S., & Nuraeni, L. (2005). Pembudidayaan, Pengolahan dan Pemasaran Cokelat. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Statistik, B. P. (2014). Produksi perkebunan menurut provinsi dan jenis tanaman, Indonesia 2012–2015 [Internet].[diunduh 2015 Mar 20]. Tersedia dari: https://www. bps. go. id/linkTableDinamis/view/id/839.

Sutedjo, M. M., & Kartasapoetra, A. G. (2002). Pengantar Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Tambunan, E. R. (2009). Respon Pertumbuhan Bibit Kakao (Theobroma Cacao L.) Pada Media Tumbuh Sub Soil Dengan Aplikasi Kompos Limbah Pertanian Dan Pupuk Anorganik (Master's thesis).

Tisdale, S. L., Nelson, W. L., Beaton, J. D., & Havin, J. L. (2003). Soil fertility and fertilizer. published by person education (Singapore) pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. India.

Wuryaningsih, S., Muharram, A., & Rusyadi, I. (2003). Tanggapan tiga kultivar mawar terhadap media tumbuh tanpa tanah. Jurnal Hortikultura, 13(1), 28-40.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/jaip.v7i1.1051

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan
Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta, No. 10, Rajabasa, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, 35144

E-mail: aip@polinela.ac.id
Website: jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/AIP atau aip.polinela.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons

All publications by Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License