Dukungan Teknologi Pengembangan Ubi Kayu di Sumatera Barat


  • Atman Atman Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP) Sumatera Barat




Role of cassava in the national economy continued to decline because it is not a priority commodity. As a result, crop acreage is declining and productivity did not increase significantly. This situation also occurred in West Sumatra Province. The cause is not yet precise technology to increase the income of cassava farmers and the diversity of the community's ability to adjust the pattern that has been owned by the available land resources. Meanwhile, demand for cassava will continue to increase along with the continued rise and soaring fuel prices (fuel) in the world market for cassava is one source of bio-ethanol to substitute a premium. This article contains about the problems of cassava and technological support for the development of cassava in West Sumatra. The methodology of writing a book study (literature) on cassava commodity that comes from books, proceedings, journals, papers and others. As a result, the development of cassava in West Sumatra to be directed mainly on dry land agroecosystem. Based on the type of climate and land type, almost all areas in West Sumatra has the potential to be developed as a regional center for cassava production.To improve cassava production strategies are needed, among other things: (1) The addition of harvest area, and (2) Intensification of quality improvement. Addition of harvest area include: (a) opening of a new land, (b) multiple cropping, and (c) increase harvest index. While improving the quality of intensification can be done with the application of several alternative technologies in cultivation, among others: (1) high yielding varieties, (2) preparation of seedlings, (3) land preparation, (4) planting, (5) fertilization, (6) plant maintenance; and (7) harvest. Results of analysis of farming cassava variety Darul Hidayah show farmers the benefits of Rp. 34,110,000, - for 12 months and R/C ratio value = 3.46. Keywords: cassava, technology, dry land, culture, West Sumatra.


Download data is not yet available.


Atman: Dukungan teknologi tengembangan ubi kayu...

Volume 11, Nomor 2, Mei 2011 68

Wargiono, J., A. Hasanuddin, dan Suyamto. 2006. Teknologi Produksi Ubikayu Mendukung

Industri Bioethanol. Puslitbangtan Bogor; 42 hlm.

Wargiono, J. 2007. Skenario Pengembangan Ubikayu Mendukung Program Penyediaan Bahan

Baku Biofuel. Risalah Seminar 2006 Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan.

Puslitbangtan Bogor: 1-14 hlmBalitkabi. 2004. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian Malang 31 hlm.

Balitkabi. 2005. Teknologi Produksi Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian. Balai Penelitian

Tanaman Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian Malang. 36 hlm.

BPS Sumatera Barat. 2007. Sumatera Barat Dalam Angka 2006/2007. 607 hlm.

Dahlan M., Marsun. 1995. Sumber pertumbuhan produksi dan keunggulan komparatif jagung di

Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Balai Penelitian Jagung dan Serealia Lain.

Hilman, Y., A. Kasno, dan N. Saleh. 2004. Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian: Kontribusi

terhadap Ketahanan pangan dan Perkembangan Teknologinya. Dalam: Makrim, dkk

(penyunting). Inovasi Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. Puslitbangtan Bogor; 95-132 hlm.

Karama, A.S. 2004. Pembangunan pertanian yang mensejahterakan bersama pemerintahan

otonomi daerah dan perdagangan bebas. Makalah pada Seminar Nasional Satu Dasawarsa

BPTP Sumatera Barat. Sukarami, 10-11 Agustus 2004: 11 hlm.

Puslitbangtan. 2007. Teknologi Unggulan Tanaman Pangan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan

Tanaman Pangan Bogor; 18 hlm.

Suparno, B., J.H. Nugroho, and Howeler. 1990. Effect of soil preparation on cassava yierd and

erosion. Nat. Seminar on Cassava Pre and Post Harvest Tech. Res. And Development,

Held in Lampung, Indonesia;p.248-264.

Tim Prima Tani. 2006. Inovasi Teknologi Unggulan Tanaman Pangan Berbasis Agroekosistem

Mendukung Prima Tani. Puslitbangtan Bogor; 40 hlm.

Tonglum, A., P. Suriyanapan, and R.H. Howeler. 2001. Cassava agronomy research and adoption

of improved practices in Thailand – major achievement during the past 35 years.

Cassava’s potential in Asia in the 21st

century: Present situation and future research and

development needs. Proc. Of the Sixth Regional Workshop, held in Ho Chi Minch City,




How to Cite

Atman, A. (2017). Dukungan Teknologi Pengembangan Ubi Kayu di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v11i2.224