Keragaan Dan Pengembangan Agribisnis Kopi Robusta Di Provinsi Lampung (Studi Kasus : Kab Tanggamus)

Authors

  • valeriana darwis Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
  • Yonas Hangga Saputra Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
  • Chairul Muslim

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25181/jofsa.v4i2.1649

Abstract

Lampung Province is one of the Robusta coffee agribusiness centers that is included in the development area of ​​the coffee area contained in the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 472 of 2018. Based on this stipulation, this paper aims to determine the production system, maintenance costs and supply chain in Lampung Province. The survey was conducted in July 2019 with data collection methods through FGD and direct interviews with farmers using a questionnaire. From the results of a qualitative descriptive analysis and maintenance cost, it was found that the Robusta coffee agribusiness in Lampung Province experienced positive growth. This is represented by an increase in coffee selling price of 0.39% / year, planting area of ​​0.33% / year and production of 0.09% / year. But in terms of productivity, respondents' farmers only produce 593 kg / year or still low compared to national productivity of 656 kg / year and Lampung province productivity of 800 kg / year. The low productivity of respondent farmers was caused by: (i) lack of motivation to maintain because the maintenance costs per kg (Rp. 4,013) were lower than the selling price of coffee (Rp. 18,000); (ii) the age of the plant is old and (iii) it is not the main crop. Coffee agribusiness in Lampung Province can still be improved by: (i) increasing productivity through the application of coffee-based cultivation; (ii) making demonstration plots at farmer locations as an effort to disseminate research results from the Ministry of Research and Development; (iii) rebuilding institutions especially in overcoming the problems of production, marketing and processing of products and (iv) making partnerships with traders or roasteries so that farmers no longer need to sell as origin seeds

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BPS. 2018. Statistik Indonesia Tahun 2018

Fizanty T, Kusnandar. 2012. Pengelolaan logistik dalam rantai pasok produk pangan segar di Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Pos dan Informatika. Hal 16-33.

Ling Li. 2007. Supply Chain Management: Concep, Techiniques and Pratices Enhancing Value Through Collaboration. World Scientific Publishing. Co.Pte. Lted, Singapore.

Mulyadi. 2007. Akuntasi Biaya. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Manajemen YKPN. Yogyakarta.

Nazir, M. 1988. Metode Penelitian, Ghalia Indonesia: Jakarta.

Nalurita S, R W Asmarantaka dan S Jahroh. 2014. Analisis Daya Saing dan Strategi Pengembangan Agribisnis Kopi Indonesia. Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2 No 1 Hal.63-74

Panggabean, Edy. 2011. Buku Pintar Kopi. PT. AgroMedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Prastowo, Bambang, Elna Karmawati, Rubijo, Siswanto, Chandra Indrawanto, S. Joni Munarso. 2010. Budidaya dan Pasca Panen Kopi. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan. Bogor

Pusdatin Kementan. 2018. Ekspor Komoditi Pertanian Berdasarkan Negara Tujuan. http://database. pertanian.go.id/ eksim2012asp/eksporNegara.asp [diakses 2018 Sept 23]

Rexsi Nopriyandi dan Haryadi. 2017. Analisis Ekspor Kopi Indonesia. Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomi Vol 12 No 1.

Rubioyo, Hermanto, C Indrawanto, M Yusron, V Darwis, T Anggraeni, K Hadiutomo dan Y Nurcahya. 2019. Pemetaan dan Reviu Proses Bisnis Perencanaan Wilayah Perkebunan Kopi di Indonesia. Biro Perencanaan Kementerian Pertanian

Roekel, JV, Willems, S & Boselie, DM 2002, Agri-Supply Chain Management : To Stimulate Cross Border Trade in Developing Countries and emerging Economies,

Sulastriningsih dan Zulkifli.1999. Akuntansi Biaya. Seolah Tinggi Ilmu Manajemen YKPN. Yogyakarta.

Sugiyono. 2005. Metode Penelitian Administrasi. Bandung: Alfabeta

Whitney, F. 1960. The Element Of Research. New York :Prentice-Hall, Inc

Published

2020-10-30

Issue

Section

Artikel