Pengujian Kompor Gasifikasi Biomassa dengan Tiga Jenis Bahan Bakar

Iim Imaduddin

Sari


The objective of this research was to test a biomass gasification stove.  The experiment was conducted according to standard of boiling test from Baldwin. Biomass gasification stove was constructed from 1-mm zinc plate and had a dimension of 54 cm of height and 31 cm of diameter with combustion chamber capacity 5.89 liters.  Water was boiled with three types of biomass, namely wood, wood shavings, and rice huskFive liters of water was used in all experiments which were replicated three times.  Parameters to be observed included fuel consumption, boiling time, power of the stove, and thermal efficiency. The results showed that the stove was not working using rice husks due to no sufficient air flow through the rice husks pilling.  The stove was working good using either woodfuel or wood shavings. The average time to boil 5 liters of water using woodfuel and wood shavings was 14.47 minutes and 22.13 minutes, respectively.  Fuel consumption to boil 5 liters of water was 689.5 g using woodfuel and 619.67 g using wood shavings.  The input and output power of the stove was respectively 12.12 kW and 2.47 kW with woodfuel.  With wood shavings, the input and power of the stove was 8.24 kW and 1.64 kW, respectively.  The gasification stove had thermal efficiency of 19.93% with wood shavings and 20.41% with woodfuel.  It was better than thermal efficiency of a common traditional wood stove, which had thermal efficiency of 15.49%.

 

Keywords: biomass, gasification stove, thermal efficiency, boiling time, power.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Baldwin, S.F. 1987. Biomass Stoves: EnggineeringDesign, Development, and Dissemmination. Volunteers in Technological Development (VITA), Arlington, VA. USA. 281 hlm.

Berita sore. 2009. Cadangan Minyak Bumi Indonesia Tersisa 23 Tahun. Edisi 4 Maret 2009.

Haryanto, A. dan Triyono, S. 2010. Kinerja Energetik Tungku Dapur Rumah Tangga. Seminar Nasional SATEK III. Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung, 18-19 Oktober 2010.

Kong, G.T. 2010. Peran Biomassa Bagi Energi Terbarukan. PT Elex Media Komputindo. Jakarta. 159 hlm.

Pambudi, N.A. 2008. Energi Alternatif itu Bernama Biomassa. Diakses pada tanggal 3 September 2009. http://netsains.net/2008/03/energi-alternatif-itu-bernama-biomassa/.

Reed, T.B., Anselmo, E. and Kircher, K. 2000. Testing & Modeling the Wood-Gas Turbo Stove. Presented at the Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion Conference. Tyrol, Austria, September 17-22, 2000.

Suyitno. 2007. Pengolahan Sekam Padi Menjadi Bahan Bakar Alternatif Melalui Proses Pirolisis Lambat. Diakses pada tanggal 3 September 2009. www.balitbangda.go.id.

Undadraja, B. 2011. Kajian Unjuk Kerja Kompor dan Tungku Rumah Tangga. (Skripsi). Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.



Contact Person :

  1. Winarto, E-mail: win412to@polinela.ac.id
  2. Ismadi Raharjo, E-mail: ismadiraharjo@polinela.ac.id
  3. Andy Eka Saputra, E-mail : andyekasaputra@polinela.ac.id
  4. Iskandar Zulkarnain,  E-mail: iskandarzul160575@gmail.com
  5. Kurniawan, E-mail :kurniawan150674@gmail.comn, 

Editorial Address :

Jurusan Teknologi Pertanian Politeknik Negeri Lampung
JL. Soekarno Hatta No. 10 Rajabasa Bandar Lampung 35144

Telp : +62721703995 Fax : +62721787309
email : tektanjurnal@polinela.ac.id
website : http://jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/TEKTAN