Dampak Aplikasi Fungsisida Perlakuan Benih Jagung Terhadap Kelimpahan Nematoda dan Artropoda Tanah


  • I G. Swibawa Fakultas Pertanian Unila Jurusan Proteksi Tanaman FP Unila, Jl. Sumateri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung
  • D. Fitryana Fakultas Pertanian Unila Jurusan Proteksi Tanaman FP Unila, Jl. Sumateri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung
  • L. Septiani Fakultas Pertanian Unila Jurusan Proteksi Tanaman FP Unila, Jl. Sumateri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung
  • R. Suharjo Fakultas Pertanian Unila Jurusan Proteksi Tanaman FP Unila, Jl. Sumateri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung
  • J. Prasetyo Fakultas Pertanian Unila Jurusan Proteksi Tanaman FP Unila, Jl. Sumateri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung




The objectives of this research were to study the effect of application of fungicide as a seed treatment of corn on soil nematodes and arthropods. The fungicide test as seed treatment with dosage of 5 g in 1  kg of corn seed. Four corns that were planted in polybag with capacity 5 kg of soil were set as experimental unit, and they were arrange in randomize block experimental designed with 3 block as replications. The treatments of this experiment were four fungicides with different active ingredient namely Fenamidone, Metalaxsil, Propiconazole, and Dimethomorph and one check with no fungicide. Disturb soil samples for nematode extraction and undisturb soil in ring soil sampler for arthropod extraction were taken from the polybag when corn was 40 days old after planting. Nematodes were extracted by sieving and centrifugation with sugar solution methods, while arthropods were extracted by Berlese funnel extractor under one week incubation. Nematode was grouped into feeding groups and arthropod into order taxonomyc groups. The analysis of variance procedure was applied to the data of nematodes and arthropods abundance and their mean difference was test by Least Significant Difference (LSD) with 5% of significantly level. The results showed that the effect of fungicide application as a seed treatment of corn was varied.  Application of Metalaxil and Propiconazole tend to suppress the abundance of plant parasitic nematodes, but not for the free living groups, while the other fungicides test was not significantly affected to both of plant parasitic and free living nematodes groups. All of test fungicides were significantly suppress the abundance of Acarina, but not for Collembola and others arthropods abundance.   Key words: seed treatment, corn, soil organism  


Data unduhan belum tersedia.


Adamzki, Z., J. Bloszyk, K. Piozik & K. Tomczak. 2009. Effect of diflubenzuron and mancozeb on soil microarthropods : a long-term study. Biological Lett 46 (1) : 1-13.

Alvarez, T., G.K. Frampton & D. Gaulson. 2001. Epigeic Collembola in winter wheat under organic, integrated and conventional farm management regimes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 83: 95–110

Bartlett, D.W., J.M. Clough, J.R. Godwin, A.A. Hall, M. Hamer & B. P-Dobrezanski. 2002. Revew Strobilurine Fungicide. Pest Manag Sci 58: 649-662 DOI: 10.1002/ps.502 (online).

Beiroz, W., L.D. Audino, A.C.M. Quiiroz, A.M. Rabello, I.A. Boratto, Z. Silva & C.R. Ribas. 2014. Structure and composition of edhapic arthropods community and it use as bioindicator of enrironmental disturbance. Applied Ecology and Environmental Reserach 12 (2) : 481-491

Bunemann, E.K., G.D. Schwenke & L. van Zwieten. 2006. Impact of agricultural inputs on soil organism-a revew. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44: 379-406.

Bussaard, L. 1998. Soil fauna, guild, functional groups and ecosystem processes. Applied Soil Ecology 9 : 123-135.

Cycon, M., Z.P.-Zeget & J. Kozdroj. 2010. Responses of indigenous microorganisms to a fungicidal mixture of mancozeb and dimethomorph added to sandy soils. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 64: 316-323.

Dernoeden, P.H., L.R. Krusberg & S. Sardanelli. 1990. Fungicide effect on Acrenomium endophyt e, plant parasitic nematodes and thatch in Kentucky Bluegrass and Pereniall Bluegrass. Plant Disease 74(11): 879-881

Faghihi, J., R.A. Vierling, J.B. Sartini & V.R. Ferris. 2007. Effect of selected fungicide on development of soybean cyst nematode. Nematoprica 37 (2) : 259-265.

Foster, B., M. Garcia, O. Francimari & J. Rombke. 2006. Effects of carbendazim and lambda-cyhalothrinon soil invertebrates and leaf litter decomposition in semi-field and field tests under tropical conditions (Amazônia, Brazil). European Journal of Soil Biology 42: S171– S179.

Frampton, G.K. & S.D. Wratten. 2000. Effects of Benzimidazole and Triazole Fungicide Use on Epigeic Species of Collembola in Wheat. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 46 : 64-72.

Freckman, D.W. & C.H. Ettema. 1993. Assessing nematode communities in agroecosystems of varying human intervention. Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment, 45: 239-261.

Gafur, A. & I G. Swibawa. 2004. Methods in Nematodes and Soil Microbe Research for Belowground Biodiversity Assessment. In F.X Susilo, A. Gafur, M. Utomo, R. Evizal, S. Murwani, I G. Swibawa, (eds.). Conservation and Sustainable Management of Below-Ground Biodiversity in Indonesia. Universitas Lampung. pp. 117-123.

Goodey, J.B. 1963. Soil and freshwater nematodes. Mathuen & CO LTD, London., John Wiley & Sons, INC, New York.

Hooper, D.J., J. Hallmann, & S.A. Subbotin. 2005. Methods for extraction, processing, and detecting of plant and soil nematodes. In. M.Luc, R.A. Sikora & J. Bridge (eds), Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture. Second Edition, Cabi Publishing, Walingford, Oxfordshire, UK . pp.

Lampung Dalam Angka. 2016. Luas Panen Tanaman Pangan di Lampung Tahun 2015. https://lampung.bps.go.id. Diakses Agustus 2017

Laznik, Z., M. Vidrih & T. S. Trdan. 2012. The effects of different fungicides on the viability of entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev), S. carpocapsae Weiser, and Heterorhabditis downesi Stock, Griffin & Burnell (Nematoda: Rhabditida) under laboratory conditions. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 72 (1): 62-67.

Mai, W.F., Lyon, H.H. 1975. Pictorial key to genera of plant-parasitic nematodes. Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press.

Pullen, M.P., E.I. Zehr & G.E. Carter, Jr. 1990. Influence of certain fungicides on parasitism of the nematode Criconemella xenoplax by the fungus Hirsutella rhossilliensis. Phytopathology 80(11) : 1142-1146

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. 2014. Bulai: Penyakit utama tanaman jagung. http://pangan.litbang.pertanian.go.id, diposting 24 Sept 2014, diakses Agustus 2017.

Rouabhi, R. 2010. Introduction and Toxicology of Fungicides. In. Odile Carisse (Ed.) In Fungicides Tech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com

Santorufo, L., C.A.M van Gestel, A. Rocco & G. Maisto. 2012. Soil invertebrates as bioindicators of urban soil quality. Environmental Pollution 161: 57-63.

Schomaker, C.H. & T.H. Been. 2013. Plant growth and population dynamics. In: R.N. Perry & M. Moens. (eds) Plant Nematology, 2nd eds. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. pp. 302-329.

Smart,G.C. & K.B. Nguyen. 1988. Illustrated key for the identification of common nematodes in Florida. University of Florida (unpublish).

Swibawa, I.G. 2010. Komunitas nematoda tanah pada lahan jagung setelah 23 tahun penerapan sistem budidaya tanpa olah tanah secara terus-menerus. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Keragaman Hayati Tanah-I, Bandar Lampung, 29-30 Juni 2010. pp. 147-161.

Tapalov, A., D. Molar-Gabor & J. Cesanadi. 1999. Photocatalytic oxidation of the fungicide metalaxyl dissolved in water over TiO2. Wat. Res. 33 (6) : 1371-1376.

Triplehorn, C.A. & N.F. Johnson. 2005. Borror and Delong’s Introduction to the Study of Insect, 7nt ed. Thomson Brook/Cole. USA.

Straalen, N.M. 1998. Community structure of soil arthropods as a bioindicator of soil health. In C.E. Pankhurst, B.M. Doube and V.V.S.R. Gupta (eds), Biological Indicators of Soil Health. Cab International. Wallingford, Oxon, UK. pp: 235-264.

Wardle, D.A. 2002. Ecosystem and Cummunities: Linking the above and belowground components. Princtone University Press. Princtone and Oxford. UK