Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) yang Diberi Mulsa dan Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula di Pembibitan Awal

Cucu Suherman, Ridho Adrian Nugraha

Sari


Oil palm pre-nursery is one of the stages that could effect to the plant growth in the future. Objective of this research was to obtain the best combination of mulch and doses of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) that increase the growth of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in pre-nursery. The experiment was carried out at the Experimental Field of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java. The altitude is about 750 meters above sea level with Inceptisol soil types and soil pH was 5.8. Type of precipitation in Jatinangor according to rainfall classification of Schmidt and Fergusson (1951) belongs to type C. The experiment was conducted from February to April 2013. The method used in this research was an experimental model of Randomized Block Design, consisting of nine treatments and repeated three times. The treatments given were:
oil palm shell mulch, reeds mulch, AMF 10 g/polybag, oil palm shell mulch and AMF 5 g/polybag, oil palm shell mulch and AMF 10 g/polybag, oil palm shell mulch and AMF 15 g/polybag, reeds mulch and AMF 5 g/polybag, reeds mulch and AMF 10 g/polybag and reeds mulch and AMF 15 g/polybag. The results showed that the combination of reeds mulch and 10 g AMF/polybag caused the increase of plant height, leaf area, plant dry weight, root volume and root infection  degree of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).

Keywords : Mulch, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF), Oil palm pre-nursery,
Oil palm.


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Anwar, Syamsul. 1987. Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Mulsa dan Naungan terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit

Coklat (Theobroma cacao L.) pada Tanah Latosol Merah-Coklat. Pasca Sarjana.

Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung. Hal. 4-45.

Arafah dan Sirappa. 2003. Kajian Penggunaan Jerami dan Pupuk N, P,dan K Pada Lahan Sawah

Irigasi. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan. BPTP Sulawesi Selatan. 4 (1): 15-24.

Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Aceh. 2009. Mengembalikan Kesuburan Tanah. Aceh.

http://nad.litbang.deptan.go.id/ind/files/Modul/MODUL%201.pdf.

Diakses pada Januari 2013.

Hapsoh. 2008. Pemanfaatan Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Budidaya Kedelai di Lahan Kering.

USU Press. Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan. Hal. 4-6 .

http://www.usu.ac.id/id/files/pidato/ppgb/2008/ppgb_2008_hapsoh.pdf . diakses tanggal 29

Januari 2013.

Koryati, Try. 2004. Pengaruh Penggunaan Mulsa dan Pemupukan Urea Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan

Produksi Cabai Merah (Capsicum annum L.). Jurnal Penelitian Bidang Ilmu Pertanian. 2

(1) : 18.

Mosse, B. 1981. Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Research for Tropical Agriculture. Res. Bull. p:

Purba, T. 2009. Kompatibilitas Jenis Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit

Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) pada Tanah Histosol dan Ultisol. Habonaran Do

Bona Edisi Maret 2009. Universitas Simalungun. Pematang Siantar. Hal.32.

PT. Perusahaan Perkebunan London Sumatera Indonesia Tbk. 2004. Standar Operasional dan

Prosedur Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit. Estate Planning Control. Jakarta. OP 1.1 Hal. 4.

Schmidt, F. H., and Ferguson, J. H. 1951. Rain Fall Type Base on Wet and Dry Periodes Rations

for Indo Western New Guinea. Verhandelling.

Setiadi, Yadi. 1989. Pemanfaatan Mikroorganisme dalam Kehutanan Direktorat Jendral Tinggi

Pusat Antar Universitas Bioteknologi Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Hal.8-12

Sitompul S. M. dan B. Guritno. 1995. Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Fakultas Pertanian

Universitas Brawijaya. Gadjah Mada University Press. Malang. Hal. 14.

Suherman, Cucu., A. Nuraini dan S. Rosniawaty. 2007. Pemanfaatan Cendawan Mikoriza

Arbuskular (CMA) Serta Media Campuran Subsoil dan Kompos Pada Pembibitan Kelapa

Sawit (Elaeis guineensis) Kultivar Sungai Pancur (SP 2). Universitas Padjadjaran.

Bandung. Hal.47.

Sukman, Y dan Yakup. 2002. Gulma dan Teknik Pengendaliannya. PT Raja Grafindo Persada,

Jakarta. Hal. 32-36.

Widiastuti, Happy., E. Guhardja, N. Soekarno, L. K. Darusman, D. H. Goenardi, dan S. Smith.

Optimasi Simbiosis Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula Acaulospra tuberculata dan

Gigaspora margarita pada Kelapa Sawit Tanah Masam. Unit Penelitian Bioteknologi

Perkebunan. Bogor. Hal.43.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/prosemnas.v0i0.386

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jln. Soekarno Hatta No. 10 Rajabasa 
Bandar Lampung
Telp/Faks : 0721-703995/0721-787309
Email : semnas@polinela.ac.id
http://semnas.polinela.ac.id
Contact Person
  1. Analianasari (082180229291)
  2. Jakti Kusuma (082216054393) 
  3. Adryade Reshi Gusta (082281898811)