Keragaman Sumber Daya Genetik Empat Varietas Ubi Kayu Lokal (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Di Lahan Kering Sawahlunto

Penulis

  • Sumilah Sumilah Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sumatera Barat
  • Novi Aldi Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sumatera Barat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25181/prosemnas.v0i0.1546

Abstrak

Cassava is one of the focuses of the development of crop agricultural commodities of the type of tubers that have a variety of highly prospective and sustainable derivative products. Increasing cassava production can be done by using superior location-specific clones and involving local germplasm. The purpose of this study is to develop the potential of local cassava genetic resources as a food diversification material and to see the diversity of four local superior varieties of cassava which can be an alternative choice to be developed by farming communities. the diversity of local cassava varieties is carried out at Puncak Kubang Sirakuk South Polan Lembah Segar Subdistrict, Sawahlunto City March - December 2018. The ingredients are 4 local varieties of cassava (Kubang White Cassava, Kubang Red Cassava, Cassava Bread and Ubi Jambi Wood), Organic Fertilizer and inorganic fertilizers (Manure, Urea, SP-36 and KCl) while the tools used are tools for farming, meters, scales, calipers and others. Characterization and description using standard guidelines for cassava characterization Morphological analysis were carried out on plants with reference to standard descriptors. Using Randomized Group Design (RBD) with 6 replications. The treatment is 4 local varieties of cassava. The variables observed were plant growth and yield components including (a) plant height, (b) first branch height, (c) branch diameter, (d) tuber weight per stem, (e) weight per stem, (f) index harvest, (g) number of large tubers, (h) number of small tubers, (i) Total tuber and (j) ton yield per ha. The data of the observations were analyzed by variance and continued with the Duncan difference test (UBD). The results show that the Cuban red cassava has the highest potential yield of 80.67 tons/ha from the diversity of four local superior varieties of cassava which can be an alternative choice to be developed by the community. Keywords: cassava, genetic resources, local varieties

Referensi

Alfons. J.B. 2013. Keragaman Karakter Morfologis dan Agronomis Ubi Kayu Varietas Lokal Maluku. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian.

Alfons, J.B. & Wamaer, D. (2015) Keragaman karakter morfologis dan agronomis ubi kayu lokal Maluku. Dalam: Priyatno, T.P., Kurniawan, H., Hidayatun, N., Kosmiatin, M. & Suryadi, Y. (editor) Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian Tahun 2015, hlm.160–168.

Ariningsih, E. 2016. Peningkatan Produksi Ubi Kayu Berbasis Kawasan di Provinsi Jawa Barat dan Sulawesi Selatan. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, Vol 14. No. 2. Hal 125 – 148.

BPS. 2018. Provinsi Sumatera Barat dalam angka.

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical. 1983. Morphology of the Cassava plant. Study Guide. Cali, Colombia.

Devy, Nirmala F,.Abd Azis Syarif dan Aryawaita. 2018. Identifikasi Penciri Morfologi dan Kualitas Plasma Nutfah Lokal Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Sumatera Barat. Buletin Plasma Nutfah 24(1):53-62.

Food and Agriculture Organization (2013) Save and grow cassava. A guide to sustainable production intensification. Rome, FAO.

Minantyorini & Sutoro (2014) Panduan karakterisasi dan evaluasi plasma nutfah ubi kayu. Bogor, BB Biogen.

Prihandana, R.,K.Noerwijari,P.Gamawati, dan Adinuraini.2007. Bioetanol Ubi Kayu, Bahan Bakar Masa Depan. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.195 hlm.

Poespodarsono, S.1992. Pemuliaan ubi kayu. Dalam Kasno, A.,. Dahlan, dan Hasnam. Prosiding simposium pemuliaan tanaman I. Perhimpunan Pemuliaan Tanaman Indonesia Komda Jawa Timur. Malang.pp.69–78.

Raharjo. S.H.T, Helen Hetharie, G.H. Augustyn dan M. Pesireron, 2014. Keragaman Ubi Kayu dan Ubi Jalar di Seram Bagian Barat dan Peluang pemanfaatannya untuk Ketahanan Pangan dan Industri. Percepatan Pembangunan Ekonomi Berbasis Hasil Kajian dan Perikanan di Provinsi Maluku. Kumpulan Hasil Penelitian Priorotas Nasional MP3EI koridor VI Maluku Papua.

Rukmana R. 1997. Ubi Kayu: Budidaya dan Pasca Panen. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Soetanto, N.E. 2008.Tepung Kasava dan Olahannya. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 81hlm.

Sundari, T. 2009. Pemuliaan Tanaman. Dalam J. Wargiono, Hermanto, dan Sunihardi (eds.) Ubi Kayu. Inovasi Teknologi dan Kebijakan Pengembangan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan, Badan Litbang Pertanian.

Thamrin, M., Mardhiyah, A. & Marpaung, S.E. (2013) Analisis usaha tani ubi kayu (Manihot utilissima). Agrium, 18 (1), 57–64.

Zuraida N (2010) Karakterisasi beberapa sifat kualitatif dan kuantitatif plasma nutfah ubi kayu ( Manihot esculenta crantz). Bulletin plasma nutfah 16 (1): 49 – 56.

##submission.downloads##

Diterbitkan

2020-01-31

Terbitan

Bagian

Artikel