Peningkatan Kelangsungan Hidup dan Keseragaman Ukuran Udang Galah yang ditambahkan Tepung Kulit Pisang Pada Pakan
AbstrakThe low survival rate and size non-uniformity in giant freshwater prawns become a problem in the development of cultivation. This study aims to determine changes in survival rates and uniformity in the size of giant prawns fed with the addition of banana peel flour. This study uses five types of feed added 0; 2.5; 5; 7.5 and 10% banana peel flour in feed composition. Each treatment is carried out three repetitions. The density of giant prawns is 10 fish/aquarium. The observed parameters were the survival rate, length and weight of giant prawns periodically for 60 days. The results showed that all feed treatments with the addition of banana peel flour resulted in increased survival rates and uniformity in size. The best results were obtained in giant prawns fed with the addition of 5% banana peel flour by weight of the feed. The conclusion of this study is that the survival rate and optimal size uniformity are enhanced by the addition of 5% banana peel flour in the feed. Keywords: banana peel meal, giant freshwater prawns, survival rate, uniformity of size
Vu NT, Trong TQ & Vuet NHN. 2017. Effects of selection for fast growth onsurvival rate during grow-out phase ingiant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachiumrosenbergii), BMC Genetics, 18 (56).
Campos-Montes GR, Montaldo HH, Martínez-Ortega A, Jiménez AM & Castillo-Juárez H. 2013. Genetic parameters for growth and survival traits in Pacificwhite shrimp Penaeus (litopenaeus) vannameifrom a nucleus populationundergoing a two-stage selection program. Aquaculture International, 21(2), pp. 299–310.
Murthy, SH, Kumarswamy, R, Palaksha, KJ, Sujatha, HR, & Shankar, R. 2012. Effect of Different types of shelters on survival and growth of giant freshwater prawn macrobrachium rosenbergii. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20 (2), pp. 153–157.
Sagi, A. & Ra’anan, Z. 1988. Morphotypic differentiation of males of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii: changes in the midgut glands and the reproductive system, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 8 (1988), pp. 43–47.
Tidwell, JH, Coyle, SD, & Schulmeister, G. 1988. Effects of added substrate on the production and population characteristics of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii in ponds, Journal of World Aquaculture Society, 29 (1), pp. 17–22.
Giri S S, Jun J, Sukumaran V& Park SC. 2016. Dietary Administration of Banana (Musa acuminata) Peel Meal Affects the Growth, Antioxidant Status, CytokineResponses, and Disease Susceptibility of Rohu, Labeo rohita. Journal of Immunology Research 2016.
FAO. 2013. FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
D’Hont, AF, Denoeud, JM, & Aury. 2012. The banana (Musaacuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants. Nature, 488 (7410), pp. 213–217.
Emaga H T, Andrianaivo R H, Wathelet B, Tchango T J, & Paquot M. 2007 Effects of The Stage of Maturation and Varieties on the Chemical Composition of Banana and Plantain Peels. Food Chemistry, 103 (1), pp. 590
Hseu J R, Lu F I, S H M, Wang L S, Tsai C L, Wang P P 2003 Effect of Exogenous Tryptophan on Canibalism, Survival, and Growth Juvenile Grouper, Epinephelus colcoides. Journal Aquaculture, 1 (1).
Agustina A, Saraswati T R 2007. Pemberian Suplemen Asam Amino Triptophan sebagai Upaya Menurunkan Kanibalisne Ikan Kerapu Macan (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus). Jurnal Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNDIP 1 (14).
Rakhmawati , Marlina E & Warji. 2019. efficacy dietary supplementation of banana peel meal on growth performance and cannibalism level of giant freshwater prawn (Macrobanchium rosenbergii). Prosiding Icositer. On process.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists 2001. Official methods for analysis, 16th ed USA: Association of Analytical Communities Arlington.
Rattanavichai W, Cheng W 2015. Dietary Supplement of Banana (Musa acuminata) Peels Hot-Water Extract to Enhance the Growth, Anti-Hypothermal Stress, Immunity and Disease Resistance of the Giant Freshwater Prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Journal Fish and Shellfish Immunology. 43 415