Pengaruh Bahan Organik, Pupuk P, dan Bakteri Pelarut Phosfat Terhadap Keragaan Tanaman Kelapa Sawit pada Ultisol

Authors

  • Dewi Riniarti Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan, Politeknik Negeri Lampung
  • Any Kusumastuti Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan, Politeknik Negeri Lampung
  • Bambang Utoyo Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan, Politeknik Negeri Lampung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v12i3.216

Abstract

This study was aims to determine the effect of organic matter kind, phosphate fertilizers, phosphate solubilizing bacteri, and an interaction effect between type of organic matter with phosphate fertilizers, and phosphate solubilizing bacteri on vigour of oil palm at ultisol. The study was designed as a factorial in a randomized block design and each treatment was repeated 3 (three) times. The treatment consisted of 3 (three) factors. First factor were kind of organic matter: bagase and empty fruit bunches of oil palm, and without organic matter; second factor were Phospate fertilizer consisted of 45 grams of P2O5 per tree (the recommended dose) or 125 g SP-36 and 56.25 g per tree (125% recommended dose) or 156.25gSP-36; and third factor were with and without of posphat solubilizing bacteri. The results showed that: the organic material bagasse provided vegetative characters (leaf number, petiole length, leaf angle, leaf chlorophyll content, and in the number of leaves) of oil palm plantations in the Ultisol was better than empty fruit bunches of oil palm plantations in ultisol, and empty fruit bunches of palm oil gave the generative character (the number of female flowers, sex ratio) on oil palm plantations in the Ultisol better than bagasse. Key words: organic matter, phosphate fertilizer, phosphate solubilizing bacteria,vigour of oil palm before producted, and ultisol.

References

Dewi Riniarti, Any Kusumastuty, dan Bambang Utoyo: Pengaruh Bahan Organik, Pupuk P, dan Bakteri ...

Volume 12, No.3, September 2012 195

White, R. E., A. T. Ayoub. 1983, Phosphorus and pH Relationship in Acid Soil With Surface. Add.

Incorporated Organic Amandements. Plant ans Soil 107:273-278Alexander, M. 1977. Introduction to soil Mikrobiologi. John Wiley and Sons. New York. 467 hal.

Allison, F. E. 1973. Soil Organic Matter & Its Role in Crop Production. Elsevier Scientific Publishing.

Co. Amsterdam. 673 p.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2007. Lampung Dalam Angka. Bandar Lampung.

Buckman, H. O dan N. C. Brady. 1984. Ilmu Tanah. Bhratara Karya Aksara. Jakarta.

Darmawijaya, M., Isa. 1992. Klasifikasi Tanah. Dasar Teori Bagi Peneliti Tanah dan Pelaksana

Pertanian di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Darmoskoro W dan Winarma. 2001. Penggunaan TKS dan Kompos TKS untuk Meningkatkan Produksi

dan Produktivitas Tanaman. Makalah dalam seminar Efektivitas Aplikasi Pupuk di Perkebunan

Kelapa Sawit. Medan 17-18 Juli 2001.

Hardjowigeno, S. 1993. Klasifikasi Tanah dan Pedogenesis. Edisi Pertama. Akademika Presindo.

Jakarta.

Haryono. 2012. Peranan Unsur Hara bagi Tanaman Kelapa Sawit. http://tehnik budidaya kelapa sawit.

Blogspot.com/2011.

Hsech, S.C. dan F. C. Hsich. 1990. The Us Of Organic Matter in Crop Production. Food and Fertilizer

Technology Center. ASPAC. Taipei. Taiwan. 6 p

Kompas. 2006. Ironi Sawit dan Ambisi Nomor Satu Dunia. Tanggal 25 Februari 2006.

Kurniawan Y, Prihastuti dan Sih Marjayanti. 2000. Daur Ulang Sumber Bahan Organik di Pabrik Gula.

Gula Indonesia XXV.

Radjagukguk, B. 1991. Masalah Pengapuran Tanah Masam di Indonesia. Buletin Fakultas Pertanian

N0. 18. Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Riniarti, D., M. Tahir, dan A. Kusumastuti. 2009. Pengaruh Jenis dan Kualitas Limbah Agroindustri

terhadap Keragaan Bibit Kelapa sawit di Mainnursery pada Ultisol. Laporan Penelitian. (Tidak

dipublikasikan)

Subagyo, H. N, Suharta, Agus B, Siswanto. 2000. Tanah-tanah Pertanian di Indonesia dalam

Sumberdaya Lahan Indonesia dan Pengelolaannya. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Bogor. 21-65.

Tisdale, Samuel L. Werner L., Nelson and J. D. Beaton. 1985. Soil Fertility and Feertilizer. Macmilan

Publishing Company. New York. 754 hal

Published

2017-07-24

How to Cite

Riniarti, D., Kusumastuti, A., & Utoyo, B. (2017). Pengaruh Bahan Organik, Pupuk P, dan Bakteri Pelarut Phosfat Terhadap Keragaan Tanaman Kelapa Sawit pada Ultisol. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v12i3.216

Issue

Section

Artikel