Adopsi Teknologi Pengolahan Limbah Pertanian oleh Petani Anggota Gapoktan Puap di Kabuapaten Agam, Sumatera Barat

Nasrul Hosen

Abstract


The problem to increase of crops productivity are the scarcity and high price of
fertilizer. As a result, farmers do not apply fertilizer technology optimally. The use of
agricultural waste by implementing waste treatment technology is helping farmers to
substitute chemical fertilizers with organic fertilizers. The study was conducted in Agam
district that could potentially apply agricultural waste treatment technology. Study done
in June-July 2011 with the aim of measuring the level of waste treatment technology
adoption and its benefits in increasing the income of farm families. Survey research
methods by taking a random sample of 15 farmers, the program PUAP (Rural
Agribusiness Development) implementers on 2 Gapoktan in the two regences. Data
analysis was performed using analysis of farm and comparative analysis to see the
difference in income between the farm system is not applying with. The study results
showed that: (i) Information on wastewater treatment technology has not spread
extensively in each area gapoktan; (ii) The control of waste treatment technologies are
still weak and low, as evidenced most farmers know the technology but has not been
implemented due to not understand the technical implementation; ( iii) The adoption of
such technologies for the processing of agricultural waste composting 25-35%, 35-40%
of feed processing technology and biogas technology has not been adopted, despite the
considerable potential for biogas processing. The benefit is the application of waste
treatment technologies in rice cultivation has increased the average yield of 15% and to
increase the yield of 20% corn. The crop yield improvement in integrated farming
systems, to increase the income of farm families on average 12.90%. Suggested to the
parties involved to be made: (i) science and technology capacity building of farmers
and extension members Gapoktan PUAP companion, especially on waste treatment
technologies for the integration of crops and livestock to be effective. (Ii) Optimization
of the utilization of agricultural resources owned by farmers (land and labor) and the
arrangement of the combination of commodities to the optimal integrated farming
systems, need to be developed in areas of potential gapoktan. In this way the
acceleration is expected to increase farmers' income can be achieved, the efficiency of
production costs and dependence on mimia fertilizer can be reduced.
Keywords: Adoption, waste, technology, integration, revenue


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v12i2.203

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