Kelimpahan Kepik Predator (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) di Daerah Endemik Serangan Ulat Api Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat

Authors

  • Siska chiko efendi Universitas Andalas
  • Yaherwandi Yaherwandi Universitas Andalas
  • Maiwil Diratika Universitas Andalas Kampus III Dharmasraya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v20i1.1471

Keywords:

Hemiptera, natural enemies, palm oil pest, pentaoxide, predatory insect

Abstract

Caterpillar fire is classified as the main pests in oil palm plants and are found in almost all oil palm plantations in Indonesia. The caterpillar fire control is currently being directed to biological control by predatory insects. Insects from the Reduviidae family are one of the insects whose members are predators of caterpillar fire. This study aims to (1) identify predatory ladybug species (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) found in endemic areas of caterpillar fire attacks. (2) studying the abundance of predatory ladybugs (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in areas endemic to fire caterpillar attacks. The research locations were Nagari Panyubarangan, Timpeh district, and Nagari Gunung Selasih, Pulau Punjung district. Identification of sample insects was carried out at the insect Bioecology Laboratory, plant protection department, faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University and campus III land and plant laboratory Dharmasraya from April-July 2018. The sampling of insects uses two methods, namely direct collection, and swing net. In this research, 8 species of predatory ladybugs were found. Of these 8 species, only 3 species preyed on caterpillar fire. Species that prey on fire caterpillars have the highest abundance of Cosmolestes practices as many as 116 individuals and followed by 64 individual Zelus regarding species.  

Author Biographies

Siska chiko efendi, Universitas Andalas

Jurusan Budidaya Perkebunan

Yaherwandi Yaherwandi, Universitas Andalas

Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan

Maiwil Diratika, Universitas Andalas Kampus III Dharmasraya

Jurusan Budidaya Perkebunan

References

Ables. JR. 1978. Perilaku makan dari bug pembunuh Zelus renardii Annals of theEntomological Society of America 71 (4): 476–478.

Ambrose, D.P. dan M.A. Clever, 1996. Size preference and function response of the Reduviidae predator Rhynocoris marginatus Fabricius (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) to its prey spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Jurnal of biological control 10: 29-37.

Ali, A. S. A., Watson, T. F. 1978. Effect of tempera-ture on development and survival of Zelus renardii. Environ. Entomol. 7: 889-890.

Alfitra, G. 2018. Komunikasi paku epifit yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman Kelapa Sawit. [ Skripsi ]. Padang: Universitas Andalas.

Badan Pusat Statistik.2017. Dharmasraya Dalam Angka.Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Dharmasraya.

Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan. 2015. Pendataan Lengkap Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Indonesia Tahun 2008. Jakarta : Departemen Pertanian.

Falahudin, I. 2012. “Peranan semut rangrang (Oecophylla smaragdina) dalam

pengendalian biologis pada perkebunan kelapa sawit”. Prosiding AICIS:

-2618.

Furlong MJ, Zalucki MP. 2010. Exploiting predators for pest management: the

need for sound ecological assessment. Entomologia Experimentalis et

Applicata, 1(35):225-236.

Febriani. 2018. Inventarisasi Hama Kelapa Sawit Daerah Endemik Serangan Kabupaten Dharmasraya. [ Skripsi ]. Padang: Universitas Andalas .

Kiswanto. 2008. Teknologi Budidaya Kelapa Sawit. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Jakarta.

Metcalf RL. 1989. Insect Resistance To Insecticides. Pest Management Sciense.

Natawigena.H. 1990. Entomologi Pertanian. Bandung: Orba Shakti.

Perangin-angin BN. 2009. Ulat Api (Limacodidae) dan Ulat Kantung (Psychidae) serta Musuh Alami pada Pertanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)PTPN VIII Cimulang [Skripsi].Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor: Bogor.

Pusat Penelitian Kelapa Sawit. 2011. Hama Sawit: Ulat Api. Available http://kliniksawit.com/index.php/hamasawit/rayap.html.diakses.[Diakses 19 Januari 2018].

Price PW, Denno RF, Eubanks MD, Finke DL, Kaplan I. 2011. Insect Ecology,

Behavior, Populations and Communities.). Cambridge:University Press.

Purba, R.Y., A. Susanto dan Sudharto P. 2005. Hama-Hama pada KelapaSawit.Buku 1.Serangga Hama pada Kelapa Sawit. Medan:Pusat PenelitianKelapa Sawit.

Primack RS. 1998. Biologi Konservasi. Yayasan Obor Indonesia: Jakarta.

Sahayaraj K, Vinoth Kanna A. Muthukumar S. 2010. Gross morphology of feeding canal, Salivary apparatus and digestive enzymes of catamirus brevipennis servile (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)

Sajitta T. 2006. Persebaran dan Kelimpahan kepik predator Sycanus sp (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) pada komuditas padi dan wortel didaerah cianjur, garut, pangalengan, dan bogor, jawa barat. [Skripsi]. Institute Pertanian Bogor: Bogor ( ID ).

Soenarko.H.2013. Cosmolestes Picticeps.Yellow Assasin Bug Predator yang cantik.http://herrysoenarko.blogspot.com/2013/04/cosmolestes-picticeps-yellow-assasin.html

Sudharto P. 1991. Hama Tanaman Kelapa Sawit dan Cara Pengendaliannya. PusatPenelitia Perkebunan Marihat,Pematang Siantar.

Weirauch et al., 2014. An Illustrated identification key to assassin bug sub families and tribes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Canadian of Arthropod Identification.

Downloads

Published

2020-03-16

How to Cite

efendi, S. chiko, Yaherwandi, Y., & Diratika, M. (2020). Kelimpahan Kepik Predator (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) di Daerah Endemik Serangan Ulat Api Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 20(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v20i1.1471

Issue

Section

Artikel