MODIFIKASI DRIP IRRIGATION UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PRAKTIKUM BUDIDAYA TANAMAN HIAS
AbstrakIn reference to the competence of vocational institutions, lecturers, educational laboratory staff (PLP), and students are expected to be able to make their own equipment or appropriate supporting equipment. An educational laboratory as a place to provide practicum equipment and adequate supporting equipment to make it happen. Even for the continuity of a practicum, sometimes a student, lecturer or PLP sometimes has to make the necessary supporting equipment themselves. Equipment or innovations that are designed must be packaged in an attractive form as a product prototype. Both for a study, as well as practicum tools in the laboratory. The purpose of this study was to modify drip irrigation to increase the practicum competence of ornamental plant cultivation. This research was carried out at the Net House near the Plant Laboratory III of the Lampung State Polytechnic from April to October 2022. The tools used in the experiment were mechanical pumps, portable and writing instruments. Materials for making drip irrigation plastic drums, 1 inch dia PVC pipe, ¾ inch dia pvc pipe, 18 mm dia PE pipe, 5/8 inch plastic hose, 5 mm diameter plastic hose, ¾ dia faucet, fertilizer tank, Y filter, drip tape emitters, cable terminals. The steps in modifying drip irrigation are selecting materials to be used as network components, selecting domestically produced materials that are cheap, easy to obtain and easy to work with, such as: plastic containers, 1 inch diameter PVC pipe, ¾ inch diameter PVC pipe, pipe PE dia 18 mm, plastic hose dia 5/8 inch, plastic hose dia 5 mm, faucet dia ¾, fertilizer tank, Y filter, emitter drip tape, cable terminals. To get quality ornamental plants can be improved by making various efforts such as using proper irrigation systems and good plant growth media. The drip irrigation system is the most efficient irrigation system. The efficiency of using water in drip irrigation systems can reach 80% to 95% due to the application of water directly to the root area regularly and slowly. The advantages of drip irrigation are that it can save water, energy, management costs, use the right fertilizer, energy and can control diseases in plants and can be used for uneven and narrow land.
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