TEKNOLOGI KONSERVASI LAHAN DAN TRANSPLANTING TANAMAN KAKAO TIDAK MENGHASILKAN MENJADI TANAMAN PALA PADA KELOMPOK TANI SIDO MAKMUR, WAY RATAI, PESAWARAN
AbstrakSumber Jaya Village is one of the villages in the Way Ratai District, Pesawaran Regency. Most of the residents of Sumber Jaya Village (about 85%) depend on the agricultural sector. One of the main crops cultivated is cocoa. Geographically, Sumber Jaya Village is approximately 43 km from Bandar Lampung, 5 km from the district capital. The altitude is approximately 340 mm above sea level, with rainfall of 2650-3000 mm. The total area of cocoa land is approximately 708 ha. Each farmer family head has a cocoa garden with an area of around 0.5 to 2 ha. Based on the results of interviews with farmers and community leaders in Pesawaran Sumber Jaya Village, since 2017 cocoa productivity in the village has continued to decline and is very low. Production in the last 3 years has been around 600 kg ha-1 year-1, declining sharply every year until 2020. The decline and low productivity of cocoa plants in Sumber Jaya Village is caused by the fact that the plants are cultivated in hilly areas (sloping), the plants are old and are attacked by vascular-streak disease dieback (VSD). The information obtained is that the average cocoa plant is 20 years old. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out rorak technology and transplant unproductive cocoa plants with nutmeg plants. From the results of this activity, there was an increase in knowledge among farmer groups about the importance of land conservation by making waves between cocoa/nutmeg plants, knowing how to convert (plant replacement) from cocoa to nutmeg with the correct steps, planting and maintaining, harvesting in cultivation. nutmeg is correct and a pilot unit will be made for replanting the cacao plants which are no longer productive and replaced by nutmeg plants gradually
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