Comparison study of vines rope and bracket pot systems on melon ginsen and ougan makuwauri
AbstrakMelon production in Indonesia is increasing along with the increasing population and also affects to the seeds as planting material. This research was conducted to determine the effect of the planting system on the growth and productivity of melon seeds and to obtain an oriental melon line with striped fruit and a sweet taste. The materials used in this study were melon seeds from a cross between ginsen makuwauri (GM) and ougan makuwauri (OM) first generation (F1). The research design used was a Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with a single factor, namely the cropping system. Each greenhouse has a different treatment, namely, at GH 1 (vines) and GH 2 (bracket pot), there are six replications to get 12 experimental units. Observational data were analyzed for variance and the Least Significant Difference (LSD) test at 5% and 1% levels. Observations were made on quantitative and qualitative characters. The environmental quantitative observation variables were temperature and humidity, while in melon plants, namely tendril length, number of leaves, stem diameter, leaf width, leaf length, petiole length, flowering age, harvest age, fruit weight, total dissolved solids, fruit length, a width of fruit, thickness of fruit flesh, weight of seeds per fruit, and number of seeds per fruit. Qualitative observation variables were leaf shape, leaf color, leaf lobe shape, petiole length, petiole color, flower sex, fruit shape, dominant fruit skin color, secondary skin color pattern, and seed shape. Based on statistical analysis, the results showed that the environment and the bracket pot planting system in GH 2 had a very significant effect on the length of the plant tendrils, while the environment and the planting of the vines system in GH 1 had a significant effect on fruit width and seed weight.
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