Vertical Evacuation for Pedestrians of Near-Field Tsunami Using Agent Based Modeling (ABM)
AbstrakOne of the critical actions in catastrophe conditions is how to evacuate effectively. However, instead of horizontal evacuation, vertical evacuation is the better protective action. This research aims to evaluate the vertical evacuation for pedestrians near field tsunami using agent-based modelling (ABM). The data was obtained from the Tsunami disaster in Banten in 2018, such as milling time, walking speed, shelter location and tsunami wave. We evaluated the effectiveness of evacuation regarding the number of people evacuated safely and the mortality rate. Some scenarios was evaluated with various parameters. This research reveals that milling time and walking speed are critical points to create good vertical evacuation.
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