Penerapan Irigasi Tetes Bawah Permukaan Bertekanan pada Budidaya Tomat

Muhammad Idrus

Sari


The research was conducted at the Research Field of Lampung State Polytechnic, Bandar Lampung from July to September 2013.  The objectives of the research was To test the pressure subsurface drip irrigation performances in tomato cultivation.  The result of the research showed that tomato production and  irrigation water productivity by the pressure subsurface drip irrigation method was higher compared to furrow irrigation method.  Tomato production and irrigation water productivity by the pressure subsurface drip irrigation method were 1,319 kg/plant and 23,974 kg/m3 respectively, but by the furrow method were 1,165 kg/plant and 2,774 kg/m3.  Amount of iririgation water application on tomato cultivation by the pressure subsurface drip irrigation method for one periode of planting was only 55 liters but by the furrow method was 420 liters.  There for the amount of irrigation can be conserved on tomato cultivation by the the pressure subsurface drip irrigation method was 86,90%  compared to the furrow method.

 

Keywords: pressure subsurface drip  irrigationand furrow method, tomato, production, irrigation water application and irrigation water productivity.

Referensi


Baswarsiati. 2009. Budidaya Tomat Dengan Mulsa Plastik Hitam. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan. Jawa Timur.

Hartoyo, D. 2014. Budidaya Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill.) http://www.htysite.com/BUDI%20DAYA%20TOMAT.htm. Diakses 6 Maret 2014.

Idrus, M., I.G. Darmaputra, dan B. Utoyo. 2012. Rancang Bangun Alat Irigasi Tetes Bawah Permukaan Bertekanan Untuk Pembibitan Kelapa Sawit. Laporan Penelitian. Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Politeknik Negeri Lampung.

Idrus, M, Suprapto, dan E. Maulana. 2010. Penerapan irigasi tetes bawah permukaan dan berbagai dosis pemupukan melalui air irigasi pada tanaman hortikultura. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Hibah Bersaing II. Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Politeknik Negeri Lampung.

Idrus, M, Suprapto, dan E. Maulana. 2009. Disain irigasi tetes bawah permukaan berdasarkan konduktivitas hidraulik tanah untuk tanaman hortikultura. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Hibah Bersaing I. Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Politeknik Negeri Lampung.

Islami, T. dan W.H. Utomo. 1995. Hubungan Tanah, Air dan Tanaman. IKIP Semarang Press. Semarang.

Michael, A.M. 1978. Irrigation Theory and Practice. Vikas Publishing House PVTLTD. New Delhi.

Wijarko. 1990. Pengetahuan Praktis Tomat. CV. Yasaguna. Jakarta.


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