Optimalisasi Inseminasi Buatan (Ib) Mendukung Percepatan Produksi Dan Swasembada Daging Sapi

Tri Bastuti Purwantini

Sari


In order to make an effort of beef self-sufficiency, various programs/activities have been  conducted, but until now, beef self-sufficiency has not be achieved. IB optimization activity is  seen as a lever of beef production acceleration. This paper aims to analyse the production  performance and main lever of beef production acceleration from the aspect of IB  optimization, and to identifying problems and its solutions. This study uses secondary data  and literature from various sources. The results showed that the beef production during the  last decade tend to decrease, and otherwise, imports has increased, so that the level of self- sufficiency for beef has decreased, even in 2010 only 70.6 percent, while in 2000 reached
93.6 percent. Meanwhile, to increase the cattle population and support the beef production  acceleration, the activity of IB is the main principal activity in achievement of beef/buffalo  meat self-sufficiency in some central as well as national aggregates areas. Application of IB  technology is believed to have economic added value. Although there are some deficiencies
in the implementation of IB, but seen from the value of CR and S/C, the performance  indicator, the number of IB implementer (inseminator) in some regions showed  improvement. Moreover, performance can also be seen as the increasing percentage of  calves born from IB activities. Problems that found in location are the lack of inseminator  and lack of cement which is distributed in accordance with the farmers interests. Another
problem that is commonly found in the field, among others, are many productive cows have  been slaughtered so it will inhibit population and beef production acceleration. Therefore,  activities of productive cattle rescue that have been running for this time, need to be  optimized again.  


Keywords: IB (artificial insemination), beef, production, self-sufficiency


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