Kajian Aplikasi Pupuk Organik Limbah Cair Tapioka Pada Tanaman Jagung Terhadap Serangan Penggerek Batang Dan Penggerek Tongkol

Dewi Rumbaina Mustikawati, Ratna Wylis Arief

Sari


Tapioca liquid waste can be used as organic fertilizer on crops. Until now, this has never been reported effects on plant pests, therefore, this study aims to determine the tapioca liquid waste effect on maize pest. The study was conducted in Bangun Sari Village, Negeri Katon Sub-district, Pasawaran District, Lampung from April to July 2013. This research was a randomized block design with three treatments and 10 replications. The treatments
were (A) 200 kg Urea + 300 kg NPK + 100 kg KCl, (B) 200 kg Urea + 300 kg + 100 kg NPK + KCl + 10,000 liters of tapioca liquid waste, (C) 100 kg Urea + 150 kg NPK + 50 kg KCl + 10,000 liters of liquid waste tapioca. The parameters observed were pests that attack maize plants naturally. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and to see the differences between treatments do further study using
Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 5% level. Results of the study showed that the observed pests attacking maize crops were stem borer (Ostrinia furcanalis) and cob borer (Heliotthis armigera). The effect of application of liquid waste Tapioca on maize were ste borer attacks may decrease 49.63% - 51.68%, and cob borer attacks may decrease 16.81 % - 29.81% compared to plants that are not given tapioca liquid waste.

Keywords: Maize, bio fertilizer, tapioca liquid waste, pests


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Bayuromawan. 2011. Pemanfaatan Ampas ketela Pohon. http://bayuromawan.blogdetik.com/ 2011/12/13.

Ciptadi dan Z. Nasution. 1978. Pengolahan Umbi Ketela Pohon. IPB Bogor. 43p.

Direktorat Jenderal Industri Kecil Menengah. 2007. Pengelolaan Limbah Industri Pangan. Departemen

Perindustrian. Jakarta. 28p.

Nonci, N. Dan M. Yasin H.G. 2005. Pengamatan Penggerek Tongkol (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner)

Pada Jagung QPM (Quality Protein Maize) MSQ-K1(S2)CO. Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah dan

Pertemuan Tahunan PEJ dan PFJ XVI. Komda Sul-Sel. 226-228.

Sarwono, B., Pikukuh, R. Sukarno, E. Korlina dan Jumadi. 2003. Serangan Ulat Penggerek Tongkol

(Helicoverpa armigera) Pada Beberapa Galur Jagung. Agrosains Vol.5 (2): 28-33.

Sugiharto. 2000. Dasar-Dasar Pengelolaan Air Limbah. Jurnal Studi Pembangunan, Kemasyarakatan dan

Lingkungan. Vol.2 (1): 46-65.

Zulaiha, S., Suprapto dan D. Apriyanto. 2012. Infestasi Beberapa Hama Penting Terhadap Jagung Hibrida

Pengembangan Dari Jagung Lokal Bengkulu pada Kondisi Input Rendah di Dataran Tinggi Andisol.

Naturalis-Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan. Vol.1 (1), Juni: 15-28.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jln. Soekarno Hatta No. 10 Rajabasa 
Bandar Lampung
Telp/Faks : 0721-703995/0721-787309
Email : semnas@polinela.ac.id
http://semnas.polinela.ac.id
Contact Person
  1. Analianasari (082180229291)
  2. Jakti Kusuma (082216054393) 
  3. Adryade Reshi Gusta (082281898811)