Kajian Berat Segar dan Kandungan Karbohidrat Terlarut Total pada Setiap Tingkat Kematangan Buah Pisang Kepok (Musa paradisiaca formatypica)

Sutanto Pindias Putra, Zulkifli Zulkifli, Martha Lulus Lande

Sari


The objective of this the research was to determine whether there is a change of fresh weightof bananas kepok during the maturation process, and how the relationship with the totalsoluble carbohydrate content. This research has been conducted in the laboratory of PlantPhysiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,University of Lampung in September 2014, using a completely randomized design with 7maturity level (level 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) . Each treatment was repeated 5 times. Freshweight, weight fruit peel, pulp weight was determined by analytical balance. Total solublecarbohydrate content was determined by the method of phenol sulfur. Analysis of varianceand LSD test performed at 5% significance level. The results showed no changes in freshweight during the ripening process. Weight fruit peel and peel to pulp ratio decreasedduring the ripening process, while the weight of the fruit flesh increased. Total solublecarbohydrate content increased up to stage 4 and then decreased. The final conclusion isthat the weight of fresh bananas kepok is relatively constant during the maturation process,due to the weight loss and an increase in weight of the fruit peel the fruit flesh. There is nolinear relationship between fresh weight and total soluble carbohydrate content.

Key words : Bananas kepok, stage of maturity, heavy fruit peel, pulp weight, total soluble carbohydrate content.


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


AAK. 1999. Bertnam Pohon Buah-Buahan. Kanisius. Jakarta.

Adeyemi, O. S and A. T. Oladjii. 2009. Composoitional Changes in Banana (Musa spp.) Fruits During

Ripening. African Journal of Biotechnologi. 8 (5):858-859.

Ahenkora K. M, A, Kye, K. Marfo, B. Banful 1997. Nutritional Comfosition of false Horn Apantu

Pa Plantain During Ripening and Processing. Aftr. Crop Sci. J. 5(2): 243-248

Biale and Young. 1981. Respiration and Ripening In Fruit-Retroprospect and Prospect. In J Friend, MJC

Rhodes, eds, Recent Advances In The Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables. Academy press.

New York. Pp 139

Elly dan Sarinah Amrullah. 1985. Flora untuk sekolah di Indonesia. Jakarta PT Pradyna Paramita.

Hal. 237-239

Hubbard N. L, D. M Pharr and S. C. Hubber. 1990. Role of Sucrose Phospote Synthase In Sucrose

Biosynthesis in Ripening Bananas ands its Relationship to the Respiratory Climetery. Plant

Physiol. 94,201-208.

Jordi, Giarno. 1991. Teknologi Pasca Panen Teknik Pengolahan Buah Pisang. Balai Besar Penelitian dan

Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian ( Juknis

Pisang ).

Nakazone. 1998. Healthy Life With Bannan. http//www. Nakazone. Bythost13.com/pisang.

Html.Diakses pada tanggal 20 Juni 2014 pukul 20.30 WIB

Satuhu, S, & A. Supriyadi. 2008. Budidaya Pisang. Pengolahan dan Prospek Pasar. Penebar

Swadaya. Jakarta.

Sonia, S. L. 2014. Studi Berat Segar dan Kandungan Karbohidrat Terlarut Total pada Setiap Tingkat

Kematangan Buah Pisang Kepok (Musa parasidiaca var. sapientum). [Skripsi]. Universitas

Lampung. Bandar Lampung.

Subartento et.al. 2006. Kimia Makanan. Institut Teknologi Bandung. Bandung

Tjahjadi. 1991. Taksonomi Tumbuhan Spermathopyta. Gajah Mada University Prees.

Yogyakarta.

Tjitrosoepomo, G. 2000. Morfologi Tumbuhan. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Trape and Jain. 2012. The Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening. In D Nevins, R jones, eds, Tomato

Biothecnologi. Alan R Liss, New York, pp 279-288.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/prosemnas.v0i0.446

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jln. Soekarno Hatta No. 10 Rajabasa 
Bandar Lampung
Telp/Faks : 0721-703995/0721-787309
Email : semnas@polinela.ac.id
http://semnas.polinela.ac.id
Contact Person
  1. Analianasari (082180229291)
  2. Jakti Kusuma (082216054393) 
  3. Adryade Reshi Gusta (082281898811)